Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by a repetitive and characteristic pattern of behavior that impairs normal or social activities. In other words, an autistic child is not able to interact well with other people. In comparison, boys are most likely to be affected than girls. The child is unable to focus on many things at the same time, shy and may not play with other children or parents like normal children would.
Even though scientists have not yet established the real causes of autism, it is believed that genetic factors and environment tend to play a huge role. People living with autism are likely to possess sensory interest such as noticing the smell of a substance or looking at a moving object. They tend to avoid anything that will trigger their senses such as sounds emanating from vacuum cleaners and the likes. Also, this will affect their performances in school since they are slow learners.
It is important to introduce primary diagnosis so that the parent can understand what the child is going through. It involves a multidisciplinary team that includes a pediatrician, psychiatrist, and a language therapist. These professionals can interact with the child by allowing them to engage in activities so that they can learn their weaknesses.
Importance of diagnosis
By detecting the disorder in good time, the parent can understand what the child is going through. This is also beneficial since other people can also recognize and relate better with the affected child. Also, the parents and guardians can seek the necessary services and support systems to help the child lead a normal life.
Treatment and Interventions
There is no cure for this disorder. People that are affected just need to be understood through various ways. However, people can contribute by making the following contributions;
- Providing and spreading the knowledge based on their understanding of autism. Most people may not be in a position to understand that this condition exists. They need to be reminded that these children are not cursed but are going through challenging times in their lives. Numerous campaigns have been set up to enlighten parents and teachers so that they can learn how to treat these children differently.
- Donations. Underprivileged families may not be able to afford diagnostic services or to put up their children in special schools. By making some donations, they can afford to take them to schools which understand the children better so that they can improve their learning and social activities.
- Voluntary activities. Now that you have gone through the necessary training on the subject, you can organize to participate in managing the problem by volunteering in schools and special forums. This is the best way to give back to the society since few people are willing to participate in it.
- Organizing for fundraising. There are few organizations that have been founded to support the course. Therefore, some individuals can join hands and seek funds to educate, organize events and to enlighten people on the subject.