Human Body Parts That Start With C | 40+ Words Listed with Definition

Human Body Parts That Start With C

The human body is a fantastic thing. There are so many different parts that work together to keep us alive and functioning. This blog post will explore some of the human body’s parts that start with C. Stay tuned because you’re about to learn a lot about the human body!

List of Human Body Parts That Start With C

There are many human body parts that start with the letter “C.” For example, the chest cavity holds the heart and lungs. The cerebrum is the most significant part of the brain and is responsible for intellectual functions. The chart below lists some other examples.

Cardiac VasculatureCervical SpineCommon Carotid Artery
Carotid ArteriesCervical Spine, MovementsCommon Iliac Artery
Carotid CanalCervical VertebraConchae (Turbinate Bones)
Carpal TunnelCheekCoronary Artery
Carpometacarpal JointsChestCorpus Callosum
Cavernous SinusChoanae (Posterior Nares)Corpus Cavernosum
Celiac Trunk (Artery)Choanae (Posterior Nares), Dry BonesCorpus Spongiosum
Cephalic VeinChorda Tympani NerveCranial Cavity
Cerebellar PedunclesChordae TendineaeCranial Fossa
Cerebral ArteriesCiliary NervesCranial Nerves
Cerebral Hemisphere, Occipital LobeClavicleCribriform Plate
Cerebral Hemisphere, Temporal LobeCochleaCricoarytenoid Muscle
Cerebral HemispheresColic FlexureCricoid Cartilage
Cerebral VentriclesCollateral LigamentsCrista Galli
Cervical Spinal NerveCommon Bile Duct 

Discussion about the Parts

  • Cardiac Vasculature: Cardiac vasculature is the network of blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. The cardiac vasculature includes the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, and cardiac veins, which return blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
  • Carotid Arteries: The carotid arteries are the main blood vessels that carry blood to the head and neck. They’re located on either side of the windpipe (trachea) and supply blood to the brain, face, and neck.
  • Carotid Canal: The carotid canal is a passageway in the human skull that enables blood flow from the heart to the brain. This crucial pathway is subject to a number of potential disorders which can impact its effectiveness, including blockages and stenosis. These problems are serious enough to cause issues like strokes if left untreated.
  • Carpal Tunnel: Carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway in the wrist surrounded by bones and ligaments. Nerves travel through it, controlling sensation and hand movement. The carpal tunnel narrows and presses on the median nerve with each bend or flex of the wrist. This can cause pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness in the hand and fingers.
  • Carpometacarpal Joints: The carpometacarpal joint is a synovial joint found in hand. It consists of the Carpal bones and the Metacarpal bones. These bones are responsible for forming the knuckles on your hand.
  • Cavernous Sinus: Cavernous sinus is a cavernous cavity located in the sphenoid bone that lies near the skull base. It contains venous sinuses and cranial nerves. The cavernous sinus is essential because it houses the carotid artery, which supplies blood to the brain.
  • Celiac Trunk (Artery): The celiac trunk is a large, irregularly shaped artery that supplies blood to the stomach, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, and other abdominal organs. It’s named for the Greek word koilia, meaning “hollow,” because of the many deep recesses on its inner surface.
  • Cephalic Vein: The cephalic vein is a large vein that runs up the arm and across the shoulder. The vein transports blood back to the heart from the hands and the forearms. The cephalic veins are also crucial in surgeries involving the upper extremities, such as coronary artery bypass surgery. Additionally, this vein can serve to draw blood for laboratory testing.
  • Cerebellar Peduncles: The cerebellar peduncles are a pair of structures in the brain that act as connectors between the cerebellum and the rest of the brain. The peduncles contain a number of important relay neurons that carry signals between the cerebellum and other parts of the brain. Damage to or disease affecting the peduncles can cause problems with movement and balance.
  • Cerebral Arteries: Cerebral arteries are the vessels that carry blood to the brain. The two main cerebral arteries are the carotid arteries, which originate in the chest, and the vertebral arteries in the neck.
  • Cerebral Hemisphere, Occipital Lobe: Cerebral hemisphere is one of the brain’s two halves. It generates much of our cognitive function, such as processing language, perception, and motor control. Each cerebral hemisphere has a portion of the brain responsible for vision located at the back.
  • Cerebral Hemisphere, Temporal Lobe: The cerebral hemispheres are the brain’s two halves. The temporal lobe is located in each hemisphere and is responsible for processing auditory information. The temporal lobes are also involved in memory, emotion, and language. In case of damage to the temporal lobe, problems can arise with these functions.
  • Cerebral Hemispheres: The cerebral hemispheres are the two halves of the brain. Each hemisphere is responsible for different functions. There is a connection between the left hemisphere and language, logic, and analytical capabilities. The right hemisphere is for creativity, intuition, and emotions.
  • Cerebral Ventricles: Cerebral Ventricles are four fluid-filled spaces located in the brain. The function of the cerebral ventricles is to produce, circulate and distribute the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). This clear fluid fills the ventricles and surrounds and cushions the brain and spinal cord.
  • Cervical Spinal Nerve: The cervical spinal nerves run from the skull base down the neck. These nerves are responsible for carrying messages between the brain and the body, and they play an essential role in regulating posture, balance, and movement.
  • Cervical Spine: The cervical spine is the uppermost section of the spine, extending from the base of the skull to the thoracic vertebrae. It consists of seven tiny bones, called vertebrae, which sit on a cushion created by disks. In the cervical spine, the head is supported by the cervical spine, and the cervical spine supports the movement of the neck.
  • Cervical Vertebra: The cervical spine is a remarkably strong and flexible structure. It consists of seven bones, called vertebrae, stacked on top of each other and separated by intervertebral discs. A wide variety of movements is possible in the cervical spine, including head-turning, head nodding, and bending.
  • Cheek: The cheek consists of muscle and fatty tissue, and it has a lot of blood vessels and lymph nodes. There are also numerous sweat and sebaceous glands in the skin on the cheek, which help keep us cool and lubricated.
  • Chest: The chest lies between the head and abdomen, and it houses the heart, lungs, and many other essential organs. The upper part of the chest is the thorax, while the lower part is the abdomen. The thorax consists of 12 pairs of ribs that attach to the spine in the back. The ribs protect the organs in the thorax, and they also help us breathe by expanding when we inhale.
  • Choanae (Posterior Nares): The choanae are the posterior nares or the openings of the nasal cavities into the pharynx. The choanae exist between the palatine arches and the uvula.
  • Chorda Tympani Nerve: This nerve cools the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands and innervates the soft palate and pharynx during speech. It also carries sensory information from taste buds on the front two-thirds of the tongue.
  • Chordae tendineae: Chordae tendineae are strands of connective tissue that attach the leaflets of the tricuspid and mitral valves to the papillary muscles in the heart. These chords prevent the valves from prolapsing (flopping back) into the atria during ventricular contraction.
  • Ciliary Nerves: Ciliary nerves are a specialized type of cranial nerve that help to control the movements of the cilia, which are small, hairlike structures that line the surface of certain cells. The cilia are important for moving fluids and particles across the cell surface and clearing debris from the respiratory tract and other surfaces in the body.
  • Clavicle: The clavicle is one of the most important bones in the human body. It’s located in the middle of the chest and helps to support the shoulder and upper arm. The clavicle is also responsible for stabilizing the shoulder joint.
  • Cochlea: The cochlea is a part of the inner ear. It is a small, spiral-shaped organ that helps us to hear. The cochlea fills with fluid, and it has tiny hair cells that vibrate when sound waves hit them. These vibrations turn into electrical signals sent to the brain, where they get translated as sound.
  • Colic Flexure: Colic Flexure refers to the point at which the large intestine bends to connect to the small intestine. This bend gives the large intestine its characteristic “colic” shape. The function of the colic flexure is to absorb water and nutrients from digested food as it travels through the digestive system.
  • Collateral Ligaments: Collateral ligaments connect the two bones in a joint. They function to stabilize the joint and prevent it from moving too much. There are two main types of collateral ligaments: medial and lateral.
  • Common Bile Duct: The common bile duct (CBD) is a tube that drains bile from the liver and pancreas into the small intestine. In order to digest fat, the liver produces a fluid called bile, which the body uses to help digest fat. The CBD is about 8 to 10 centimeters long and runs along the side of the pancreas.
  • Common Carotid Artery: The common carotid artery, which supplies vital blood to the head and neck of humans, is one of two large arteries in the body. It branches off of the aorta, just below the right subclavian artery.
  • Common Iliac Artery: This is the primary blood vessel that supplies the legs with blood. It branches off of the aorta, just below the kidneys, and passes through the pelvis before dividing into two smaller arteries, which supply blood to each leg.
  • Conchae (Turbinate Bones): The conchae (turbinate bones) are three shelf-like bones in the human nose. They help warm and moisten air as it enters the lungs and plays a role in smell.
  • Coronary Artery: The coronary arteries are a pair of large blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. As a rule of thumb, arteries lie on the surface of the heart – and they branch off from the aorta, which is the main artery that carries blood away from the heart.
  • Corpus Callosum: This connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain. It’s responsible for communication between the brain’s two halves, allowing them to work together as a unit.
  • Corpus Cavernosum: The corpus cavernosum is a large, spongy chamber in the penis that fills with blood during an erection. This chamber consists of two columns of tissue, the corpora cavernosa, which run the length of the penis.
  • Corpus Spongiosum: The corpus spongiosum is a sponge-like mass of erectile tissue that makes up most of the length of the penis. It surrounds the urethra, and its primary function is to produce an erection by trapping blood inside the penis.
  • Cranial Cavity: The cranial cavity is the skull chamber that encloses the brain. It covers the brain with three layers of membranes called meninges, and it fills with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
  • Cranial Fossa: The cranial fossa is one of the six cavities or spaces in the human skull. It’s a shallow depression located at the base of the skull, where the brain rests.
  • Cranial Nerves: The cranial nerves are a set of 12 paired nerves that originate in the brainstem. They control all the muscles in the head and neck and many senses (taste, smell, vision, etc.).
  • Cribriform Plate: The Cribriform Plate is a human body part located in the skull. It is a thin, perforated sheet of bone that separates the nasal cavity from the brain. The pterygoid processes and sphenoid bones contribute to its formation. Various foramina (openings) allow nerves and blood vessels to pass through.
  • Cricoarytenoid Muscle: The cricoarytenoid muscle is a small, thin muscle attaches to the vocal folds (cords) in the larynx (voice box). It helps open and close the vocal folds, which is necessary for producing sound.
  • Cricoid Cartilage: The cricoid cartilage is a small, semicircular ring of cartilage located at the base of the trachea (windpipe). It acts as a guide for the first rings of the trachea and helps to keep the airway open. The cricoid cartilage is unique in that it is the only complete ring of cartilage in the human body.
  • Crista Galli: Crista Galli, or the “thyroid cartilage,” is a shield-shaped piece of cartilage that sits behind the larynx (voice box). Its primary purpose is to protect the larynx, but it also plays a role in producing sound.


We hope you enjoyed this post on human body parts that start with C. Stay tuned for more informative and engaging blog posts from our team. Be sure to share them with your friends and family, and don’t forget to check out our other posts on anatomy for fascinating information about the human body.

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