What are Non-governmental Organisation? The Different Types of NGOs

What are Non-governmental Organisation?

In this day and age, it seems like there is a non-governmental organization for everything. From human rights to protecting the environment, there is an NGO out there working to make the world a better place. But what are these organizations, exactly? What are non-governmental organisation? And what do they do? In this blog post, we will answer these questions and more!

What is an NGO and what are its key features?

An NGO, or non-governmental organization, is a type of charitable organization that operates independently from governments and other institutions. NGOs are typically registered as charities, and they are usually mission-driven, meaning that they have a specific social or environmental cause that they advocate for. Some well-known NGOs include Amnesty International, the Red Cross, and Greenpeace.

Some key features of NGOs include the following:

  • They are often staffed by volunteers.
  • They have a grassroots orientation, meaning they are driven by the needs and wants of local people.
  • They are often quite innovative in their approach to problem-solving.
  • They tend to be quite sensitive to cultural differences.

 The different types of NGOs and how they operate

Here’s a list of notable non-governmental organizations and how they are operated:

  • Amnesty International
  • Greenpeace
  • Human Rights Watch
  • Oxfam
  • Save the Children
  • Unicef
  • World Wildlife Fund

Amnesty International

Amnesty International is a Non-governmental Organisation that works to protect human rights. They campaign for the release of prisoners of conscience, raise awareness of human rights abuses, and lobby governments to change their policies. They also provide support and assistance to victims of human rights abuses.

Amnesty International was founded in London in 1961, and today they have over seven million members and supporters in 150 countries. Their work is funded by donations from individuals, foundations, and corporations. Amnesty International has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the United Nations Human Rights Award, and the Right Livelihood Award.


As a non-governmental organization (NGO), Greenpeace has stated that its mission is to use “peaceful protest and creative communication to prevent environmental destruction”. Greenpeace operates in over 55 countries and has 2.8 million supporters worldwide. The organization has a wide range of activities, from taking direct action against whaling ships to campaigning for the introduction of clean energy.

One of Greenpeace’s most famous campaigns was its opposition to nuclear testing in the Pacific Ocean in the 1970s, which led to the signing of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Today, Greenpeace continues to work towards its goal of a sustainable world free from nuclear weapons and fossil fuels. The organization is also active in raising awareness of the dangers of climate change and promoting renewable energy sources.

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch is an international organization that investigates and reports on human rights violations around the world. The organization was founded in 1978, and today it has offices in over 90 countries.

Human Rights Watch is funded by grants from foundations and governments, as well as by individual donations. The organization’s investigations are conducted by a team of researchers who interview victims and witnesses, collect evidence, and speak with government officials.

The findings are then published in reports, which are widely circulated and often cited in the media. Human Rights Watch also advocates for reform at the national and international level, and it has played a role in many important human rights victories, such as the prosecution of war criminals and the abolition of child labor.


Oxfam is an international confederation of 20 NGOs working to end the injustice of poverty. Oxfam operates in over 90 countries and works with partners and local communities to tackle the root causes of poverty. They work to ensure that everyone has access to the essentials for a dignified life, including food, water, sanitation, education, healthcare, and shelter.

In addition, Oxfam helps people recover from disasters and conflicts, and they campaign for change on the issues that keep people in poverty, such as inequality, land rights, and climate change. Oxfam is a truly global movement, and its work is essential in the fight against poverty.

Operational NGOs

Most people are familiar with NGOs that provide direct aid, such as food or medical supplies. However, there is another type of NGO known as an operational NGO. These organizations focus on more long-term solutions to issues such as poverty, inequality, and illiteracy.

For example, operational NGOs might provide training in financial literacy or help small businesses access capital. They may also work to improve education or healthcare systems. While operational NGOs can take many different forms, they all share a commitment to finding sustainable solutions to the world’s most pressing problems.

Advocacy NGOs

Advocacy NGOs are nonprofit organizations that seek to influence public policy in support of their mission. These organizations often take on a variety of roles, from providing resources and support for grassroots activism to engaging in direct lobbying of government officials.

While some advocacy organizations focus on a single issue, such as environmental protection or human rights, others work on multiple issues simultaneously. Regardless of their specific focus, all advocacy NGOs share a commitment to championing the cause of those who lack the power to speak for themselves. In a democracy, these organizations play an essential role in ensuring that all voices are heard.

How NGOs can benefit society?

There are countless ways in which NGOs can benefit society. Some of the most notable include:

  • Providing essential services that governments are unable to provide, such as healthcare and education
  • Acting as a check on government power, exposing corruption, and advocating for human rights
  • Helping to alleviate poverty and improve the quality of life for millions of people around the world
  • Strengthening civil society, promoting democracy and human rights, and fighting against social injustice.

Is NGO a voluntary organization?

NGO stands for “non-governmental organization,” and while there are some NGOs that are voluntary organizations, not all of them are. Some NGOs are created and funded by governments, while others are privately funded. So while some NGOs may operate entirely on a volunteer basis, others may have paid staff members. It depends on the specific organization.

Which NGO works for environmental protection and conservation?

There are many NGOs that work for environmental protection and conservation. One of the most important things they do is engage in the stability-enhancing activity. This helps to ensure that ecosystems are healthy and can remain so for generations to come. Some of the most notable NGOs in this field include The Nature Conservancy, Conservation International, and the World Wildlife Fund.

How do nongovernmental organizations contribute to social health?

Nongovernmental organizations can contribute to social health by providing defense for health affairs. For example, a nonprofit organization can provide a forum for the public to share their stories about how the healthcare system has failed them.

This type of organization can also help to hold the government and other organizations accountable for their actions. Additionally, nonprofit organizations can provide education and resources to the public about important healthcare topics.


So, what are non-governmental organisation? They are non-profit organizations that are neither part of the government nor for-profit. There are many different types of NGOs, each with its own unique goals and methods for achieving them. If you’re interested in learning more about any specific type of NGO, we’ve provided links throughout the article. And if you want to get involved with an NGO yourself, be sure to check out our guide on how to choose the right one. Thanks for reading!

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